E-ISSN 2676-2862 | ISSN 2676-2854
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana

Isaac Okyere, Eunice Efua Boahemaa Kobil.

Abstract
This study assessed how environmental parameters such as salinity, dissolved oxygen (DO) and turbidity influenced occurrence of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus population in the Pra Estuary, their food habits, and how food preferences vary amongst the sizes. Fish were sampled from January to April 2017 using cast net. Physicochemical parameters were measured in situ using multi-parametric water quality checker. Length and weight of fish were determined, and with the aid of dissecting microscope, stomach contents were examined using the frequency of occurrence and ‘points’ methods. Salinity showed a general downward trend with the highest of 30‰ in January and lowest of 1‰ in April, DO fluctuated between 4 mg/L and 5 mg/L, while turbidity increased progressively from 8 NTU in January to 207 NTU in April. The number of fish caught decreased as turbidity increased and salinity decreased. A total of 282 specimens measuring 8.0 cm to 42.5 cm (TL) were sampled of which fish smaller than 17 cm were dominant. The catfish fed on detritus, insects, polychaetes, oligochaetes, bivalves, amphipods, shrimps, crabs and fish, with detrital matter being the most consumed food item. Recommendations are made for management considerations to address illegal mining activities which silt the estuary as well as regulate fishing practices such as the use of small meshed-nets that capture juveniles and bottom drag nets that deplete the food of the catfish.

Key words: Pra Estuary, Water quality, Bagrid catfish, Food habits, Fisheries Management


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Okyere I, EEBK, . Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana . doi:10.5455/jfcom.20190315071516


Web Style

Okyere I, EEBK, . Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana . http://www.jfcomonline.com/?mno=37199 [Access: April 08, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jfcom.20190315071516


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Okyere I, EEBK, . Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana . doi:10.5455/jfcom.20190315071516



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Okyere I, EEBK, . Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana . doi:10.5455/jfcom.20190315071516



Harvard Style

Okyere, I., , E. E. B. K. & (0) Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana . doi:10.5455/jfcom.20190315071516



Turabian Style

Okyere, Isaac, Eunice Efua Boahemaa Kobil, and . 0. Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana . doi:10.5455/jfcom.20190315071516



Chicago Style

Okyere, Isaac, Eunice Efua Boahemaa Kobil, and . "Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana ." doi:10.5455/jfcom.20190315071516



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Okyere, Isaac, Eunice Efua Boahemaa Kobil, and . "Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana ." doi:10.5455/jfcom.20190315071516



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Okyere, I., , E. E. B. K. & (0) Occurrence and food habits of the bagrid catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus in the Pra River Estuary, Ghana . doi:10.5455/jfcom.20190315071516